Human Trafficking

What is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Human beings are brought and sold for a number of different purposes: sexual exploitation, forced or bonded labour, forced marriage, and organ removal. Victims are also used to smuggle drugs and guns across borders and are coerced into stealing various items.

The common element in human trafficking is exploitation. Victims are being exploited for money or some material benefit.

Individuals may be trafficked across international borders, as well as, within the borders of Canada. Traffickers use threats, physical force, and coercion to gain control over their victims.

Human trafficking is always involuntary. This is because even when consent is achieved, it is through some form of fraud, deception, abduction, kidnapping, or abuse of power/vulnerability.

    If you think you or someone you know may be a victim of Human Trafficking, please CONTACT US.

    Human Trafficking is a Crime With Three Elements:

    The Act

    This is what is being done.

    For example, recruitment, transfer, transportation, harboring, or receipt of persons.

    The Means

    This is how the act is being done.

    For example, use of force, threatening, coercion, fraud, deception, abuse of power, or the giving or receiving of payments used to control a person.

    The Purpose

    This is why it is done.

    For example, to exploit a person through sexual exploitation, forced labour, debt bondage, or removal of organs from a person.

    People may be trafficked

    Internationally or Domestically

    International Trafficking

    • Another source country
    • Brought to Canada legally or illegally
    • Exploitation
    • Labour & sex trafficking or both

    Domestic Trafficking

    • Within our own borders
    • Canadian citizens
    • Permanent residents
    • Usually involves sex trafficking