What is Human Trafficking?
Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Human beings are brought and sold for a number of different purposes: sexual exploitation, forced or bonded labour, forced marriage, and organ removal. Victims are also used to smuggle drugs and guns across borders and are coerced into stealing various items.
The common element in human trafficking is exploitation. Victims are being exploited for money or some material benefit.
Individuals may be trafficked across international borders, as well as, within the borders of Canada. Traffickers use threats, physical force, and coercion to gain control over their victims.
Human trafficking is always involuntary. This is because even when consent is achieved, it is through some form of fraud, deception, abduction, kidnapping, or abuse of power/vulnerability.
People may be trafficked
Internationally or Domestically
- Another source country
- Brought to Canada legally or illegally
- Labour & sex trafficking or both
- Within our own borders
- Canadian citizens
- Permanent residents
- Usually involves sex trafficking